Thimphu Tshechu (DAY 4) 

Dance of the Tamshing in Bumthang (Bumthang Ter Cham)

On the occasion of the consecration of the Tamshing Monastery in Bumthang, Pema Lingpa had a dream and composed this dance to depict what he saw. The dance is performed in white, peaceful-looking, masks and knee-length yellow skirts and the dancers carry a little bell and drum. When this miraculously discovered dance is performed, all the earth demons in the country are appeased and the Gods rejoice.

Dance of the Lords of Cremation Grounds (Durdag)

The same as the dance performed on day three.

Dance of Ging and Tsholing (Ging dang Tsholing)

On the occasion of the consecration of the Samye Monastery in Tibet, Guru Rimpoche initiated this dance to show the people, Zangtho pelri. When the ging and tsholing perform this miraculous dance, they demonstrate their magical powers in order to discourage the demons.

The ging wear orange skirts which hang like a skin, terrifying black and orange masks with a flag on top and holds a big drum. They represent the assembly of heroes, deities and fairies (khandroma) as well as the various male and female terrifying deities. On the outside dance the tsholing, who represent the protectors of religion, wearing long colourful dresses and terrifying masks.

The dance is a ceremony of purification before the arrival of Guru Rimpoche. People whistle to chase away bad spirits and the Ging hit everybody on the head with their drumsticks to chase impurity out of the body. After having destroyed the evil spirits (symbolised by an effigy in a black box), the Tsholing are chased away by the Ging who then stay alone to beat their drums and perform a victory dance.

Dance of the Eight Manifestation of Guru Rimpoche (Gere Tshen Gyed)

The eight different forms of Guru Rimpoche are represented in this dance. With Guru Rimpoche are his two consorts, Mandarava on the right and Yeshy Tshogyal on the left.

This dance is a play and a dance at the same time. People believe in the manifestation of Guru Rimpoche during the dance. Guru Dorji Drakpo enters first, dressed in a colourful brocade dress and wearing a terrifying red mask

The eight manifestation enter as follows: Tshokye Dorji in a brocade dress, a peaceful-looking, blue-green mask and carrying a small thunderbolt, Loden Chogsey in a red brocade dress, peaceful whitish mask, carrying a small drum and a bowl, Padsambhava wearing a red and yellow monk dress, white mask and tall red hat, Guru Rimpoche, himself, under a canopy, wearing a golden mask (he has khandroma as attendants, symbolised by small children with white masks), Shakya Senge wearing a red and yellow monk dress, Buddha-like mask with blue hair, and carrying a bowl, Padma Gyalpo in a red brocade dress, orange bearded mask with white tufts of hair, carrying a small drum and a mirror, Nyima Yoezer wearing a golden brocade dress, yellow bearded mask with blue tufts of hair, and carrying a trident and Sengye Dradrok in a blue brocade dress and terrifying blue mask, followed by his retinue who also wear frightening blue masks.

Guru Rimpoche sits under a canopy, followed by Shakya Senge, while all the other manifestations dance turn by turn as people rush to be blessed by Guru Rimpoche. When a manifestation finishes his dance, he joins the others sitting with the Guru.

Then appear 16 fairies who sing and perform two dances in front of the Guru and his manifestations. They dance, first holding drums, then small bells and small drums. They have brocade dresses and carved bone-ornaments. After these dances, everybody goes out in a long procession.

Religious Song (Chhoeshey) 

This dance is performed to commemorate the opening of the gateway to the pilgrimage site of Tsari in Eastern Tibet by Tsangpa Jarey, founder of the Drukpa School. The costumes are similar to those in the Guitar Dance: elaborate and heavy woolen clothes, long black skirt, yellow shirt, folded brown coat, felt boots, a circular head-dress and a sword.